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INTERNAL CURING
Other Sources of Information

The following are a few of the published articles about internal curing.  To obtain the entire list, please contact us.
Bentz D.P. and Snyder, K.A., ‘Protected Paste Volume in Concrete: Extension to Internal Curing Using Saturated Lightweight Fine Aggregate’, Cement and Concrete Research 29 (1999) 1863-1867.

Bentz, D.P, Hansen, K.K., Madsen, H.D., Vallee, F., and Griesel, E.J., ‘Drying/hydration in Cement Pastes During Curing’, Materials and Structures 34 (2000) 557-565.

Bentz, D.P. and Jensen, O.M., ‘Mitigation Strategies for Autogenous Shrinkage Cracking’, Cement and Concrete Composites, 26 (6), 677-685, 2004.

Bentz, D.P., Geiker, M.R. and Hansen, K.K., ‘Shrinkage-reducing Admixtures and Early-age Desiccation in Cement Pastes and Mortars’, Cement and Concrete Research 31 (7) (2001) 1075-1085.

Bentz, D.P., Lura, P., and Roberts, J.W., “Mixture Proportioning for Internal Curing”, Concrete International, 27 (2), 35-40, 2005.

Bentz, D.P., Halleck, P.M., Grader, A.S., Roberts, J.W., “Direct Observation of Water Movement during Internal Curing Using X-ray Microtomography”, submitted to Concrete International, 2006.

Bentz, D.P., Snyder K.A. and Stutzman, P.E., ‘Microstructural Modeling of Self- Desiccation During Hydration’, in: Proceeding of an International Research Seminar in Lund ‘Self-Desiccation and Its Importance in Concrete Technology’, (1997) 132-140, Editors Persson B. and Fagerlund G., Sweden.

Bloem, D.L., Gaynor, R.D., Meininger, R.C., “Concrete Strengh Measurement-Cores vs Cylinders”, ASTM Vol. 65, 1965.

Crowl, Dale and Sutek, Mike, “A Survey of High Performance Concrete Bridge Decks”, Volume IV. District 12 Ohio DOT, 2002, 24 pages.

Cusson, Daniel and Hoogeveen, Ted, “Preventing Autogenous Shrinkage of High- Performance concrete Structures by Inernal Curing”, S.P. Shah Symposium on Monitoring and Modeling Concrete Properties, Alexandroupolis, Greece, July, 2006.

Lura, P. and van Breugel, K., ‘Moisture Exchange as a Basic Phenomenon to Understand Volume Changes of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete at Early Age’, in: PRO 17: Shrinkage of Concrete - 'Shrinkage 2000', Proceedings of the International RILEM Workshop, Paris, France, 16-17 October 2000, Edited by V. Baroghel-Bouny and P. C. Aïtcin (RILEM Publications, France, 2000) 533-546.

Hoff, George C., ‘The Use of Lightweight Fines for the Internal Curing of Concrete’, Prepared for Northeast Solite Corporation, August 20, 2002

Lura, P., Bentz, D.P., Lange, D.A., Kovler, K., Bentur, A., van Breugel, K., ‘Measurement of Water Transport from Saturated Pumice Aggregates to Hardening Cement Paste’, in: Proceedings of the Conference ‘Advances in Cement and Concrete’, Aug. 10-14, 2003, Edited by D. Lange, K. L. Scrivener and J. Marchand (ECI, 2003) 89-100.

Mather, Bryant, “Self Curing Concrete, Why Not?”, Concrete International December, 2001

Philleo, R.E., ‘Concrete Science and Reality’ in ‘Materials Science of Concrete II’, Edited by J. Skalny and S. Mindess, The American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, (1991) 1-8.

Reinhardt, H.W., ‘Autogenous and drying shrinkage of hybrid concrete’, Concrete Science and Engineering, 4 (14) (2002) 77-83.

Reinhardt, H.W., “Zero-Curing High Performance Concrete”, Proceedings, 2 nd concrete and Monsonry Syposium, SEI-ASCE. Paper No. T168-5, 1998.

Roberts, J.W., “Current and Future Trends in the Application of Internal Curing of Concrete”, in Proceedings of the 4th International Seminar: Self- Dessication and Its Importance in Concrete Technology, Eds. B. Persson, D. Bentz, and L.-O. Nilsson, Gaithersburg, MD, 197-209, 2005.

Roberts, J.W., “High Performance Concrete, Enhancement through Internal Curing”, Concrete InFocus, NRMCA, 55-57, Dec. 2005

Roberts, J.W., “Internal Curing in Pavement, Bridge Decks, and Parking Structures, using Absorptive Aggregate to Provide Water To Hydrate Cement not Hydrated by mixing Water”, Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C., TRB Committtee A2E05, Concrete Materials and Placement Techniques, January 13, 2004.

Roberts, J.W., “Improving Concrete Pavements through Internal Curing”, presented at Open session, American Concrete Institute Annual Convention, Detroit Michigan, April 23, 2002, 12 pp.

Roberts, J.W.Jones, B.W., Hulsman, J.M., “Improving the Durability and Economy of Short and Medium Span Bridges through Internal Curing”, 7th International Conference on Short and Medium Span Bridges, Montreal, Canada, August 23-25, 2006.

Roberts, J.W., “The 2004 Practice and Potential of Internal Curing of Concrete Using Lightweight Sand”, Advances in Concrete Through Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, March 22-24, 2004

Weber, S., Reinhardt H., ‘A Blend of Aggregates to Support Curing of Concrete’, in: Holand, I., Hammer, T.A., Fluge F. (Eds.), Proc. Int. Symp. Structural Lightweight Aggregate Concrete, Sandefjord, Norway (1995) 662-671.

Weber, S. and Reinhardt, H.W., ‘A New Generation of High Performance Concrete: Concrete with Autogenous Curing’, Advanced Cement Based Materials 6 (1997) 59-68.

Weber, S. and Reinhardt, H.W., ‘Various curing methods applied to high-performance concrete with natural and blended aggregates’ in ‘4th International Symposium on Utilization of High-strength/Highperformance concrete’, Paris (1996) 1295-1303.

Zhutovsky, S., Kovler, K. and Bentur A., ‘Influence of Wet Lightweight Aggregate on Autogenous Shrinkage of Concrete at Early Ages’, in: Proc. 6th International Conference on Creep, Shrinkage and Durability Mechanics of Concrete and Other Quasi-Brittle Materials, Edited by F.-J. Ulm, Z.P. Bažant and F.H. Wittmann, Cambridge, USA, Elsevier (Aug. 20-22, 2001) 697-702.