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Constructed Wetland

A manufactured wetland is designed to naturally filter and purify effluent and reduce pollution. This is an extremely "Green" way to handle the waste water from a building or group of buildings that can contribute to increasing the percentage of Sustainable Credit under the LEED system. An integral component of the growth media hosts the process is a lightweight expanded shale aggregate such as Solite® or Kenlite®. These materials' unique pore structure contributes to the high cation exchange of nutrients that helps to clean the effluents. Additionally, beneficial bacteria are able to colonize within the many voids on the surface area of the lightweight aggregate. This bacteria "eat" the other organic compounds as the liquid passes through and around the aggregate.

Solite® and Kenlite® can also function as a recharging filter media in subsurface flow for the removal of phosphorus. The P Sorption capacity of both products is greater than other natural aggregate filters. Other benefits include increased hydraulic conductivity over other media. Due to the low bulk density of Solite® and Kenlite® (50 pcf), deep root penetration is greatly enhanced allowing for a greater vegetative field establishment in the critical early stages of development.

There are many landfills throughout the country that do not collect their runoff. This runoff leaches directly into surrounding brooks and streams that eventually emptying into our rivers. One application for the use of a manufactured wetland is for a completed landfill. Here it can filter and purify the runoff that is generated reducing pollution and operating cost. In its place artificial wetlands can silently collect the water leachate, treat it with the use of Solite® or Kenlite® and vegetation to discharge a clean effluent. This can eliminate pollution and reduce the cost of trucking and disposal at a wastewater treatment plant.